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2021-2022 Departmental Plan

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ISSN 2371-6762

Table of contents


From the Minister

I am pleased to present Western Economic Diversification Canada's Departmental Plan for the 2021-22 fiscal year.

This year is a turning point. Just as COVID-19 is causing companies across the country to rethink their approaches, it also requires the Government of Canada to be increasingly nimble in how it supports them to recover. In western Canada, small and medium-sized businesses are the lifeblood of communities and the backbone of the economy. The pandemic created uncertainty and anxiety for entrepreneurs and their employees. The government has been there for them since the start of the pandemic and will remain so throughout the coming year.

As the Minister of Economic Development and Official Languages, and Minister responsible for Western Economic Diversification Canada (WD), my mission is to make a positive difference in the lives of families in the West. Not only are our plans meant to ensure the success of our economy and the resilience of our communities, but they are also designed to make certain the recovery is equitable and inclusive. Doing so means supporting efforts to increase the number of high-quality jobs in the West to meet the government's commitment to build better for the future. This means in particular, creating over one million jobs to restore former employment levels for the region.

The economic situation challenges us to support sectors that have been severely impacted by this crisis. In particular, businesses of all sizes, located on main streets of towns and cities as well as in tourist destinations across the West.

While applauding the progress made by natural resources industries for cleaner production, we must continue diversification of knowledge and technology, especially in expanding areas.

We also need to position promising sectors such as life sciences and clean technologies at the forefront of the new economy. In this way, as we aim for a carbon neutral future, WD will facilitate access to training, support, and new opportunities so that everyone can succeed in the clean economy. Moreover, underrepresented groups that face additional barriers to business success will continue to find support and expertise from WD.

Changes in the domestic and global economies mean we need to introduce a new approach to regional development in western Canada. This area is not a monolithic block. Economic drivers and conditions are fundamentally different between the Pacific and the Prairies. In the months ahead, WD will move forward on a plan to create separate agencies to manage federal economic development in the two regions. This recognizes the dramatic growth and diversity of western Canada's economy, providing the Government of Canada with greater flexibility to focus on local and specific economic priorities in British Columbia as well as in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba.

Over the coming months, WD will also continue rolling out one of the largest economic assistance packages currently available. With over $2 billion dollars in direct support, the nationwide Regional Relief and Recovery Fund is providing a backstop to thousands of businesses that do not qualify for existing federal programs. The demand has been notably high in western Canada and the government has responded by augmenting the Fund twice over the last year. This is concrete help to alleviate immediate financial pressures and help eligible local businesses pay employees and cover costs. This additional support will position more companies, like those in the tourism sector, to play a meaningful role in our economic recovery.

In these pages, you will find more insight about the priorities of WD, and our commitment to deliver on them as we work with westerners towards a more prosperous future.



Mélanie Joly

Mélanie Joly

Minister of Economic Development and Official Languages, and
Minister responsible for Western Economic Diversification Canada



From the Deputy Minister

Living through times of change is not new for western Canadians. History shows that westerners are resilient people. They have ridden the highs and lows of economic cycles for generations. In that spirit today, they face new challenges: shifting trade patterns and a rebalancing of global economic centres, social and climate changes, and an unprecedented global health crisis. It is in this complex environment that Western Economic Diversification Canada (WD) is working to improve the economic future for western Canadian families.

As the only Government of Canada department headquartered in the West – founded in 1987, WD understands how strategic investments and other supports meet the needs of companies and communities across Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia. This means WD professionals will use their highly attuned regional knowledge and strong on-the-ground relationships to help WD clients: small and medium-sized businesses and the organizations that support them, such as chambers of commerce, academic institutions, and provincial and local governments.

Details of WD's strategic plan for 2021-22 follow. It is about nurturing innovation and the new economy while expanding export opportunities and bolstering mainstay sectors like natural resources and food production. It is also about supporting small and medium-sized enterprises to overcome the devastating COVID-19 pandemic.

In the coming year WD will take on the government's challenge to rethink the way economic development is approached in the West. Creating separate regional development agencies to better meet the economic needs of people who live in the Prairie and Pacific regions is recognition of western Canada's increasingly diverse regional economies.

The road ahead is long. WD is well prepared to help westerners navigate it.

Dylan Jones

Dylan Jones,

Deputy Minister,
Western Economic Diversification Canada



Plans at a glance

The Story of WD

For 34 years, Western Economic Diversification Canada (WD), has helped to grow and diversify the western Canadian economy and advance its interests in Ottawa. WD makes strategic investments in a wide range of programs, policy and advocacy activities, and needed services across western Canada. Recently, WD has pivoted to support businesses and organizations affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. This important work is done by talented and dedicated WD employees and partners in Ottawa and throughout the West.

Who we help

We help businesses, communities, and not-for-profit groups across the West.

Why we do it

Government programs and services are created to help Canadians in need. Typically, these programs help clients and partners succeed and improve the economy. In difficult times, programs and services keep businesses, communities, and organizations going, bridging them to economic recovery. These activities focus on achieving results in job growth, diversification, and economic growth.

How we do it

WD makes investments using grants and contributions programs, provides business services through network partners, and undertakes policy development and coordination activities to assist clients and improve the western economy. To promote growth and diversification in the West, the department plays four key roles: investor, advisor, convenor, and delivery agent. These four roles are most successful when done in close proximity to local and regional clients and partners.

Details of WD's programs such as the Regional Economic Growth through Innovation Program, the Western Diversification Program, and network partner funding for the Western Canada Business Service Network, are available below in the Planned Results section and on the department's website.

WD Success Stories and Impact

The department has a history of success and results. Click on these links to read more about them.


Over the next year, WD will work on new and evolving priorities and issues such as pandemic relief, recovery, and the new economy. The department will advance western economic interests in Ottawa, and implement national priorities such as COVID-19 pandemic relief, economic recovery, diversity and inclusion, innovation, and the environment. WD will support the government's proposal for a new approach to regional development in the West, which would create separate regional development agencies for British Columbia and the Prairies. In 2021-22, WD will also maintain its two existing priorities of inclusiveness and cluster growth:

  1. Inclusiveness - Indigenous Peoples, women, youth, and other underrepresented groups have lower rates of employment and business ownership than other Canadians. WD has specific supports to help these groups increase economic participation, and improve economic and social outcomes, which in turn, will benefit all Canadians.
  2. Cluster growth - Clusters are networks of regional partners (businesses, entrepreneurs, researchers, and others) that collaborate and share knowledge to create economic solutions, such as developing innovative technologies and processes, expanding production capacity, and competing in export markets. Clusters are building blocks for growing emerging industries, diversifying local economies, and transforming traditional sectors. The department supports key economic clusters of strength in western Canada such as: life sciences, clean technologies, value-added agriculture, and advanced manufacturing.

In addition to these priorities, WD will continue to advance economic initiatives as outlined in   Grow West: The Western Canada Growth Strategy.

The COVID 19 pandemic continues to evolve, as does its effects on the western Canadian economy. WD will be nimble in its response to help westerners with short-term recovery and improve their long-term economic outcomes.

For more information on the Western Economic Diversification Canada's plans, priorities and planned results, see the "Core responsibilities: planned results and resources, and key risks" section of this report.



Core responsibilities: planned results and resources, and key risks

This section contains detailed information on the department's planned results and resources for its core responsibility. It also contains information on key risks related to achieving those results.

Core Responsibility: Economic development in western Canada


Western Economic Diversification Canada (WD) promotes growth and diversification in the western Canadian economy by enhancing innovation, improving business competitiveness, promoting the adoption of clean technologies and inclusive growth.

Planning highlights

The department's mandate is to grow and diversify the western Canadian economy and advance its interests in Ottawa. WD achieves this mandate by working with clients and partners across the West. Our clients are businesses, not-for-profit organizations, and communities:

Within these three client groups are organizations such as Indigenous groups, women-led businesses, academic institutions, industry organizations, municipalities, other governments, business accelerators, and incubators.

To assist our clients and achieve results for westerners, WD and its partners deliver numerous programs and services within our four roles of investor, advisor, convenor, and delivery agent. Some of these programs, services, activities and expected results are explained below.

New Programs

Regional Relief and Recovery Fund (RRRF)

RRRF is a $2 billion Canada-wide fund to help keep afloat businesses affected by the COVID-19 pandemic that are unable to access other federal pandemic support programs. The RRRF has funding categories for rural businesses, for women-owned or women-led businesses, and for all other small and medium-sized businesses. This Fund also includes a focus on tourism related businesses which have been hard hit by the pandemic. Other federal COVID-19 programs are part of Canada's COVID-19 Economic Response Plan.

Black Entrepreneurship Program (BEP)

The BEP is a partnership between the Government of Canada, Black-led business organizations, and financial institutions. With an expected investment of $221 million over four years across Canada, it will help Black Canadian business owners and entrepreneurs grow their businesses and succeed now and into the future.

The three components of the BEP are:

WD is leading the delivery of the National Ecosystem Fund in the West.

Regional Air Transportation Initiative

Recognizing that regional air transport is a critical success factor to western Canada's economic development and economic well-being of its communities, the new Regional Air Transportation Initiative is part of an interdepartmental effort involving Regional Development Agencies (RDAs), Transport Canada (TC) and Innovation, Science, and Economic Development Canada (ISED) to mitigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the air transportation sector. In the Fall Economic Statement 2020, the Government of Canada proposed to provide Western Economic Diversification with $54.6 million in funding over two years (2020-21 and 2021-22). This funding will help maintain and enhance regional airports and local air carrier operations/services to ensure they remain operational and adapt to new realities.

Existing WD Programs to grow western Canada's economy

WD's programs offer grants, contributions, and loans to businesses, not-for-profit organizations, and communities. These funds help grow western Canada's economy and improve the quality of life for all western Canadians.

Our Core Programs

WD has the following core mechanisms for providing funding:

Regional Economic Growth through Innovation (19774)

Economic Development Initiative: strengthening official language minority communities in the West.

Community Economic Development and Diversification: assisting organizations and communities in western Canada to fully participate in and benefit from economic opportunities and to recover from economic downturns or natural disasters.

Western Canada Business Service Network (WCBSN): helping entrepreneurs start or expand small businesses and supporting community economic development. The Network focuses particularly on rural areas and underrepresented groups with lower economic participation rates. The WCBSN is a network of more than 100 points of service including:

The WCBSN provides business information and assistance, planning and implementation of community economic growth initiatives and loans to small and medium-sized enterprises.

Time-Limited Program Delivery (Short-term and One-time)

WD delivers short-term funding that is regionally-tailored to advance national objectives, and responds to regional economic dynamics. Some current initiatives include:

Other Initiatives or Topics

As part of the department's advocacy and coordination activities, WD connects directly with regional businesses and other stakeholders to understand and help address their economic situations. WD also responds to regional economic dynamics and connects leaders and partners to co-create strategies that address the unique economic challenges faced by each province. As part of this work, WD supports the development of companies from early formation to late-stage scaling and growth through funding, analysis, and partnerships with others in the innovation ecosystem.

Grow West: The Western Canada Growth Strategy

After extensive engagement and development, WD launched Grow West in June 2019, based on four inter-related pillars:

  1. Diversification - Building a broader western economy.
  2. Trade - Help westerners by improving export access and grow local, regional, and global markets.
  3. Skills - Developing talent for the new economy.
  4. Communities - Building community resilience and livability.

Nine federal departments are partners in Grow West and also lead or co-lead pillars. WD coordinates the overall strategy and co-leads the diversification pillar.

WD and the federal departments leading pillars will work closely with partners such as industry, provincial and municipal representatives, Indigenous organizations, academia, and western thought leaders. With these partners, WD will seek to tailor existing federal programs and services, influence the direction of initiatives currently under development, and co-create new solutions to best meet the needs of western Canadians.


The economic environment caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and impacts on the energy industry from low oil prices, will make it very difficult for WD, communities, businesses, and partners to achieve economic success. This pandemic, and its effects on the economy, and public and private sector finances, are unprecedented. Faced with an energized online economy, border closures, limited tourism, lack of diversification, and new technological advancements, western Canadian firms must adapt to increase participation in the new economy.

To mitigate this risk, WD must also be flexible and responsive in its work. The department will:

Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+)

An important goal of the Government of Canada and WD is the advancement of gender diversity and inclusion. WD will always take an inclusive approach to program delivery to support the economic development of western Canada, as well as its diverse population.

The GBA+ Champion, departmental committee, and subject matter focal points keep up to date on GBA+ developments and integrate GBA+ into the policy cycle. Functional specialists from across WD have access to an online toolkit on how to integrate GBA+ into their work and into decision-making processes for programs, policy, and initiatives. With this in mind, WD reviews and develops all projects with consideration of the impacts on women, youth, and Indigenous populations.

United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

WD continues to support Canada's efforts to address the UN 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The department's programs and services contribute towards:

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Canada

WD's inclusiveness priority works well with the Government of Canada's commitment to upholding the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). The Government of Canada endorsed the United Nations Declaration without qualification and committed to its full and effective implementation. In 2020, the government introduced legislation to implement the Declaration which will provide a framework for government to work with Indigenous peoples to respect, recognize and protect their human rights and to address the wrongs of the past.

WD continues to support the inclusion of Indigenous peoples in the western Canadian economy. The department coordinates this work through the Indigenous Economic Growth Working Group (IEG working group), made up of policy and programs staff from each region. The IEG working group has developed a strategy to target WD's work in the area, including a plan to conduct baseline research on Indigenous economic participation in western Canada.

While our inclusiveness priority is specifically aimed at external clients and partners, we also strive for diversity and inclusion within the department. WD will develop a departmental strategy that supports a diverse workforce and an inclusive workplace. The department will also take targeted, meaningful actions and consultations that focus on making positive change for employees.

A Culture of Innovation and Experimentation at WD

WD has a very creative and innovative workplace. Innovation and experimentation is a constant and employees are always encouraged to explore new ways to address challenges in helping our clients and improving internal business processes. Experimentation and innovation at WD includes:

Long-term Approach for Results

WD takes a patient, long-term approach to economic development. Many investments are multi-year in duration and require several years to realize results and economic outcomes. Consequently, there is often more information available at the activities and outputs level than on outcomes and impacts. Also, for some of our indicators, analyzing historical data over a year-by-year basis may not be an accurate way to forecast or compare results. WD is addressing this in part by conducting a longitudinal study to understand the longer-term impacts of its investments in both the for-profit and not-for-profit sectors.

Planned results for economic development in western Canada

Departmental result Departmental result indicator Target Date to achieve target 2017–18 actual result 2018–19 actual result 2019–20 actual result

Businesses are innovative and growing in western Canada

Value of exports of goods from western Canada ($)


March 31, 2022




Revenue growth rate of firms supported by WD programs


March 31, 2022




Value of exports of clean technologies from western Canada ($)


March 31, 2022

Not available1

Not available1


Number of high-growth firms in western Canada


March 31, 2022




Communities are economically diversified in western Canada

Percentage of SMEs that are majority-owned by women, Indigenous people, youth, visible minorities and persons with disabilities in western Canada

Women: 15.3%

Indigenous: 2.2%

Youth: 16.0%

Visible minorities: 15.4%

Persons with disabilities: 0.4%

March 31, 2022

Women: 14.3%

Indigenous: 1.4%

Youth: 16.8%

Visible minorities: 10.6%

Persons with disabilities: 0.4%

Women: 15.1%

Indigenous: 2.2%

Youth: 15.7%

Visible minorities: 15.1%

Persons with disabilities: 0.4%

Women: 15.1%

Indigenous: 2.2%

Youth: 15.7%

Visible minorities: 15.1%

Persons with disabilities: 0.4%


Amount leveraged per dollar by WD in community projects


March 31, 2022




Businesses invest in the development and commercialization of innovative technologies in western Canada

Value of business expenditures in research and development by firms receiving WD program funding ($)


March 31, 2022

Not available2



Percentage of professional jobs (including science and technology) in western Canada


March 31, 2022




Percentage of companies engaged in collaborations with higher education institutions in western Canada


March 31, 2022

Not available1



1 Actual results data were not available for this year.

2 Actual results were not available for 2017-18 because this was a new indicator starting in 2018-19.

Financial, human resources and performance information for the Western Economic Diversification Canada's program inventory is available in the GC InfoBase.


Planned budgetary financial resources for economic development in western Canada
2021–22 budgetary spending (as indicated in Main Estimates) 2021–22 planned spending 2022–23 planned spending 2023–24 planned spending
330,416,372 330,416,372 200,397,240 165,310,164

Financial, human resources and performance information for Western Economic Diversification Canada's program inventory is available in the GC InfoBase.


Planned human resources for economic development in western Canada
2021–22 planned full-time equivalents 2022–23 planned full-time equivalents 2023–24 planned full-time equivalents
262 219 216

Financial, human resources and performance information for Western Economic Diversification Canada's program inventory is available in the GC InfoBase.


Internal Services: planned results


Internal Services are those groups of related activities and resources that the federal government considers to be services in support of Programs and/or required to meet corporate obligations of an organization. Internal Services refers to the activities and resources of the 10 distinct services that support Program delivery in the organization, regardless of the Internal Services delivery model in a department. These services are:


Planned budgetary financial resources for Internal Services
2021–22 budgetary spending (as indicated in Main Estimates) 2021–22 planned spending 2022–23 planned spending 2023–24 planned spending
13,369,956 13,369,956 11,976,317 11,494,090


Planned human resources for Internal Services
2021–22 planned full-time equivalents 2022–23 planned full-time equivalents 2023–24 planned full-time equivalents
92 83 81

Spending and human resources

This section provides an overview of the department's planned spending and human resources for the next three consecutive fiscal years, and compares planned spending for the upcoming year with the current and previous years' actual spending.

Planned spending

Departmental spending 2018–19 to 2023–24

The following graph presents planned (voted and statutory) spending over time.

Departmental Spending Trend Graph
Text version: Departmental Spending Trend Graph
Planned Spending Type 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23 2023-24
Statutory 3,811 4,414 384,128 4,685 4,120 3,964
Voted 238,557 304,666 691,486 339,101 208,254 172,840
Total 242,368 309,080 1,075,614 343,786 212,374 176,804

The overall decrease in voted and statutory spending from 2020-21 to 2021-22 mostly relates to the conclusion of the Regional Relief and Recovery Fund as part of the Government of Canada's COVID-19 Economic Response Plan.

Budgetary planning summary for core responsibilities and Internal Services (dollars)

The following table shows actual, forecast and planned spending for Western Economic Diversification Canada's core responsibility and to Internal Services for the years relevant to the current planning year.

Core responsibilities and Internal Services 2018–19 expenditures 2019–20 expenditures 2020–21 forecast spending 2021–22 budgetary spending (as indicated in Main Estimates) 2021–22 planned spending 2022–23 planned spending 2023–24 planned spending
Economic development in western Canada 228,742,960 295,440,866 1,059,586,712 330,416,372 330,416,372 200,397,240 165,310,164
Internal Services 13,624,581 13,639,563 16,026,829 13,369,956 13,369,956 11,976,317 11,494,090
Total 242,367,541 309,080,429 1,075,613,541 343,786,328 343,786,328 212,373,557 176,804,254

WD's planned spending in 2021-22 is $343.8 million, compared to the 2020-21 forecast spending of $1,075.6 million. This represents a net decrease in spending of ($731.8) million, which includes a net decrease in contributions and other transfer payments of ($722.1) million and a decrease in operating costs of ($9.7) million. Factors contributing to the net decrease in spending in 2021-22 include:

Planned human resources

The following table shows actual, forecast and planned full-time equivalents (FTEs) for the core responsibility in Western Economic Diversification Canada's departmental results framework and to Internal Services for the years relevant to the current planning year.

Human resources planning summary for core responsibilities and Internal Services
Core responsibilities and Internal Services 2018–19 actual full-time equivalents 2019–20 actual full-time equivalents 2020–21 forecast full-time equivalents 2021–22 planned full-time equivalents 2022–23 planned full-time equivalents 2023–24 planned full-time equivalents

Economic development in western Canada

212 237 273 262 219 216

Internal Services

97 97 94 92 83 81
Total 309 334 367 354 302 297

The overall decrease in FTE's from 2020-21 to 2022-23 mostly relates to the conclusion of the Regional Relief and Recovery Fund as part of the Government of Canada's COVID-19 Economic Response Plan. The base human resource levels continue to be stable, fluctuations that occur at the program level reflect resource realignment in support of priorities and projects. The department will continue to achieve its results by allocating its human resources to best support its programs.

Estimates by vote

Information on the Western Economic Diversification Canada's organizational appropriations is available in the 2021–22 Main Estimates.

Future-oriented Condensed statement of operations

The future-oriented condensed statement of operations provides an overview of Western Economic Diversification Canada's operations for 2020–21 to 2021–22.

The amounts for forecast and planned results in this statement of operations were prepared on an accrual basis. The amounts for forecast and planned spending presented in other sections of the Departmental Plan were prepared on an expenditure basis. Amounts may therefore differ.

A more detailed future-oriented statement of operations and associated notes, including a reconciliation of the net cost of operations to the requested authorities, are available on Western Economic Diversification Canada's website.

Future-oriented Condensed statement of operations for the year ending March 31, 2022 (dollars)
Financial information 2020–21 forecast results 2021–22 planned results Difference (2021–22 planned results minus 2020–21 forecast results)
Total expenses 770,586,763 297,012,450 (473,574,313)
Total revenues 1,232 1,030 (202)
Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers 770,585,531 297,011,420 (473,574,111)

WD's total expenses are expected to be $297.0 million in 2021–22, compared to $770.6 million in 2020–21. The $473.6 million difference in total expenses is primarily due to a decrease in spending for the conclusion of the Regional Relief and Recovery Fund, Canada's Research & Innovation Response to COVID-19, and the Canadian Seafood Processor's Fund, offset by an increase in spending to support the Air Sector Economic Recovery Strategy.

Corporate information

Organizational profile

Minister of Economic Development and Official Languages:

The Honourable Mélanie Joly, P.C., M.P.

Institutional head: Dylan Jones

Ministerial portfolio: Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Enabling instrument(s): Western Economic Diversification Act, R.S.C. 1985, c.11, (4th Supplement)

Year of incorporation / commencement: 1987


Headquarters - Edmonton, Alberta

Offices - Vancouver, British Columbia

   Edmonton and Calgary, Alberta

   Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

   Winnipeg, Manitoba

   Ottawa, Ontario



Raison d'être, mandate and role: who we are and what we do

"Raison d'être, mandate and role: who we are and what we do" is available on the Western Economic Diversification Canada website.

For more information on the department's organizational mandate letter commitments, see the "Minister's mandate letter"

Operating context

Information on the operating context (Appendix D) is available on the Western Economic Diversification Canada website (pageID 20144).

Reporting framework

The Western Economic Diversification Canada approved departmental results framework and program inventory for 2021–22 are as follows.


Supporting information on the program inventory

Supporting information on planned expenditures, human resources, and results related to Western Economic Diversification Canada's program inventory is available in the GC InfoBase.

Supplementary information tables

The following supplementary information tables (pageID 20143) are available on the Western Economic Diversification Canada website:


Federal tax expenditures

Western Economic Diversification Canada's Departmental Plan does not include information on tax expenditures that relate to its planned results for 2021–22.

Tax expenditures are the responsibility of the Minister of Finance, and the Department of Finance Canada publishes cost estimates and projections for government-wide tax expenditures each year in the Report on Federal Tax Expenditures. This report provides detailed information on tax expenditures, including objectives, historical background and references to related federal spending programs, as well as evaluations, research papers and gender-based analysis. The tax measures presented in this report are solely the responsibility of the Minister of Finance.

Organizational contact information

Mailing address

Western Economic Diversification Canada

Suite 1500, 9700 Jasper Avenue

Edmonton, Alberta T5J 4H7

Telephone: 780-495-4164 / Toll Free: 1-888-338-WEST (9378)

Fax: 780-495-4557


Website (s):


Appendix: definitions

appropriation (crédit)
Any authority of Parliament to pay money out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund.

budgetary expenditures (dépenses budgétaires)
Operating and capital expenditures; transfer payments to other levels of government, organizations or individuals; and payments to Crown corporations.

core responsibility (responsabilité essentielle)
An enduring function or role performed by a department. The intentions of the department with respect to a core responsibility are reflected in one or more related departmental results that the department seeks to contribute to or influence.

Departmental Plan (plan ministériel)
A report on the plans and expected performance of an appropriated department over a 3-year period. Departmental Plans are usually tabled in Parliament each spring.

departmental priority (priorité)
A plan or project that a department has chosen to focus and report on during the planning period. Priorities represent the things that are most important or what must be done first to support the achievement of the desired departmental results.

departmental result (résultat ministériel)
A consequence or outcome that a department seeks to achieve. A departmental result is often outside departments' immediate control, but it should be influenced by program-level outcomes.

departmental result indicator (indicateur de résultat ministériel)
A quantitative measure of progress on a departmental result.

departmental results framework (cadre ministériel des résultats)
A framework that connects the department's core responsibilities to its departmental results and departmental result indicators.

Departmental Results Report (rapport sur les résultats ministériels)
A report on a department's actual accomplishments against the plans, priorities and expected results set out in the corresponding Departmental Plan.

experimentation (expérimentation)
The conducting of activities that seek to first explore, then test and compare the effects and impacts of policies and interventions in order to inform evidence-based decision-making, and improve outcomes for Canadians, by learning what works, for whom and in what circumstances. Experimentation is related to, but distinct from innovation (the trying of new things), because it involves a rigorous comparison of results. For example, using a new website to communicate with Canadians can be an innovation; systematically testing the new website against existing outreach tools or an old website to see which one leads to more engagement, is experimentation.

full-time equivalent (équivalent temps plein)
A measure of the extent to which an employee represents a full person-year charge against a departmental budget. For a particular position, the full-time equivalent figure is the ratio of number of hours the person actually works divided by the standard number of hours set out in the person's collective agreement.

gender-based analysis plus (GBA+) (analyse comparative entre les sexes plus [ACS+])
An analytical process used to assess how diverse groups of women, men and gender-diverse people experience policies, programs and services based on multiple factors including race ethnicity, religion, age, and mental or physical disability.

government-wide priorities (priorités pangouvernementales)
For the purpose of the 2019–20 Departmental Results Report, those high-level themes outlining the government's agenda in the 2019 Speech from the Throne, namely: Fighting climate change; Strengthening the Middle Class; Walking the road of reconciliation; Keeping Canadians safe and healthy; and Positioning Canada for success in an uncertain world.

horizontal initiative (initiative horizontale)
An initiative where two or more federal organizations are given funding to pursue a shared outcome, often linked to a government priority.

non-budgetary expenditures (dépenses non budgétaires)
Net outlays and receipts related to loans, investments and advances, which change the composition of the financial assets of the Government of Canada.

performance (rendement)
What an organization did with its resources to achieve its results, how well those results compare to what the organization intended to achieve, and how well lessons learned have been identified.

performance indicator (indicateur de rendement)
A qualitative or quantitative means of measuring an output or outcome, with the intention of gauging the performance of an organization, program, policy or initiative respecting expected results.

performance reporting (production de rapports sur le rendement)
The process of communicating evidence-based performance information. Performance reporting supports decision making, accountability and transparency.

plan (plan)
The articulation of strategic choices, which provides information on how an organization intends to achieve its priorities and associated results. Generally, a plan will explain the logic behind the strategies chosen and tend to focus on actions that lead to the expected result.

planned spending (dépenses prévues)
For Departmental Plans and Departmental Results Reports, planned spending refers to those amounts presented in Main Estimates.

A department is expected to be aware of the authorities that it has sought and received. The determination of planned spending is a departmental responsibility, and departments must be able to defend the expenditure and accrual numbers presented in their Departmental Plans and Departmental Results Reports.

program (programme)
Individual or groups of services, activities or combinations thereof that are managed together within the department and focus on a specific set of outputs, outcomes or service levels.

program inventory (répertoire des programmes)
Identifies all the department's programs and describes how resources are organized to contribute to the department's core responsibilities and results.

result (résultat)
A consequence attributed, in part, to an organization, policy, program or initiative. Results are not within the control of a single organization, policy, program or initiative; instead they are within the area of the organization's influence.

statutory expenditures (dépenses législatives)
Expenditures that Parliament has approved through legislation other than appropriation acts. The legislation sets out the purpose of the expenditures and the terms and conditions under which they may be made.

target (cible)
A measurable performance or success level that an organization, program or initiative plans to achieve within a specified time period. Targets can be either quantitative or qualitative.

voted expenditures (dépenses votées)
Expenditures that Parliament approves annually through an appropriation act. The vote wording becomes the governing conditions under which these expenditures may be made.


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